PSYS 697: Diversity Issues in Psychological Research

Fall 2018 Reading List

8/21: Getting Oriented and Basic Principles
(No reading.)


8/28: Doing "Diversity Science"

Plaut, V. C. (2010). Diversity science: Why and how difference makes a difference. Psychological Inquiry, 21(2), 77-99. doi: 10.1080/10478401003676501 [link]

Eagly, A. H. (2016). When passionate advocates meet research on diversity, does the honest broker stand a chance? Journal of Social Issues, 72(1), 199-222. doi: 10.1111/josi.12163 [link]

Unzueta, M. M., & Binning, K. R. (2010). Which racial groups are associated with diversity? Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16(3), 443-446. doi: 10.1037/a0019723 [link]

Dealing with Diversity

9/4: Reactions to Rising Diversity

Craig, M. A., & Richeson, J. A. (2014). More diverse yet less tolerant? How the increasingly diverse racial landscape affects white Americans’ racial attitudes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 750–761. doi: 10.1177/0146167214524993 [link]

Craig, M. A., & Richeson, J. A. (in press). Hispanic population growth engenders conservative shift among non-Hispanic racial minorities. Social Psychological and Personality Science. doi: 10.1177/1948550617712029 [link]

Phillips, L. T., & Lowery, B. S. (2015). The hard-knock life? Whites claim hardships in response to racial inequity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 61, 12-18. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2015.06.008 [link]

Norton, M. I., & Sommers, S. R. (2011). Whites see racism as a zero-sum game that they are now losing. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 215-218. doi: 10.1177/1745691611406922 [link]

Additional Readings:

Outten, H. R., Schmitt, M. T., Miller, D. A., & Garcia, A. L. (2012). Feeling threatened about the future whites’ emotional reactions to anticipated ethnic demographic changes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38(1), 14-25. doi: 10.1177/0146167211418531 [link]

Danbold, F., & Huo, Y. J. (2015). No longer “All-American”? Whites’ defensive reactions to their numerical decline. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(2), 210-218. doi: 10.1177/1948550614546355 [link]

Knowles, E. D., Lowery, B. S., Chow, R. M., & Unzueta, M. M. (2014). Deny, distance, or dismantle? How White Americans manage a privileged identity. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(6), 594-609. doi: 10.1177/1745691614554658 [link]

9/11: Diversity Ideologies

Plaut, V. C., Thomas, K. M., & Goren, M. J. (2009). Is multiculturalism or color blindness better for minorities? Psychological Science, 20, 444-446. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02318.x [link]

Holoien, D. S., & Shelton, J. (2012). You deplete me: The cognitive costs of colorblindness on ethnic minorities. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 562-565. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.09.010 [link]

Gaither, S. E., Toosi, N. R., Babbitt, L. G., & Sommers, S. R. (2018). Exposure to biracial faces reduces colorblindness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. doi: 10.1177/0146167218778012 [link]

Plaut, V. C., Garnett, F. G., Buffardi, L. E., & Sanchez-Burks, J. (2011). “What about me?”: Perceptions of exclusion and Whites’ reactions to multiculturalism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(2), 337-353. doi: 10.1037/a0022832 [link]

Koenig, A. M., & Richeson, J. A. (2010). The contextual endorsement of sexblind versus sexaware ideologies. Journal of Social Psychology, 41(3), 186-191. doi: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000026 [link]

Additional Readings:

Rattan, A., & Ambady, N. (2013). Diversity ideologies and intergroup relations: An examination of colorblindness and multiculturalism. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 12-21. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.1892 [link]

Norton, M. L., Sommers, S. R., Apfelbaum, E. P., Pura, N., & Ariely, D. (2006). Color blindness and interracial interaction: Playing the political correctness game. Psychological Science, 17, 949-953. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01810.x [link]

Whitley, B. E., & Webster, G. D. (2018). The relationships of intergroup ideologies to ethnic prejudice: A meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review. doi: 10.1177/1088868318761423 [link]

9/18: Diversity Issues in Communication

Mazzocco, P. J., Green, M. C., Sasota, J. A., & Jones, N. W. (2010). This story is not for everyone: Transportability and narrative persuasion. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(4), 361-368. doi: 10.1177/1948550610376600 [link]

Loyd, D. L., Phillips, K. W., Whitson, J., & Thomas-Hunt, M. C. (2010). Expertise in your midst: How congruence between status and speech style affects reactions to unique knowledge. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 13(3), 379-395. doi: 10.1177/1368430209350317 [link]

McKimmie, B. M., Newton, C. J., Terry, D. J., & Schuller, R. A. (2004). Jurors’ responses to expert witness testimony: The effects of gender stereotypes. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 7(2), 131-143. doi: 10.1177/1368430204043724 [link]

Littleford, L. N., & Jones, J. A. (2017). Framing and source effects on White college students’ reactions to racial inequity information. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 23, 143-153. doi: 10.1037/cdp0000102 [link]

Additional Readings:

White, P. H., & Harkins, S. G. (1994). Race of source effects in the Elaboration Likelihood Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(5), 790-807. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.67.5.790 [link]

9/25: Prejudice as Systemic vs. Individual

Payne, B. K., Vuletich, H. A., & Lundberg, K. B. (2017). The bias of crowds: How implicit bias bridges personal and systemic prejudice. Psychological Inquiry, 28(4), 233-248. doi: 10.1080/1047840X.2017.1335568 [link]

Hehman, E., Flake, J. K., & Calanchini, J. (2017). Disproportionate use of lethal force in policing is associated with regional biases of residents. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 9(4), 393-401. doi: 10.1177/1948550617711229 [link]

Adams, G., Edkins, V., Lacka, D., Pickett, K. M., & Cheryan, S. (2008). Teaching about racism: Pernicious implications of the standard portrayal. Basic and Applied Psychology, 30(4), 349-361. doi: 10.1080/01973530802502309 [link]

Fryberg, S. A., Markus, H. R., Oyserman, D., & Stone, J. M. (2008). Of warrior chiefs and Indian princesses: The psychological consequences of American Indian mascots. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 30, 208-218. doi: 10.1080/714050251 [link]

10/2: Thinking About Research Proposals

McGuire, W. J. (1997). Creative hypothesis generating in psychology: Some useful heuristics. Annual Review of Psychology, 48, 1-30. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.48.1.1 [link]

10/9: Fall Break: No class.

Who Am I? Who Are You?

10/16: Integrating Identities

Cheng, C., & Lee, F. (2009). Multiracial identity integration: Perceptions of conflict and distance among multiracial individuals. Journal of Social Issues, 65(1), 51-68. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2008.01587.x [link]

Gaither, S. E., Sommers, S. R., & Ambady, N. (2013). When the half affects the whole: Priming identity for biracial individuals in social interactions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 368-371. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.12.012 [link]

Guendelman, M. D., Cheryan, S., & Monin, B. (2011). Fitting in but getting fat: Identity threat and dietary choices among U.S. immigrant groups. Psychological Science, 22(7), 959-967. doi: 10.1177/0956797611411585 [link]

Chen, J. M., Pauker, K., Gaither, S. E., & Hamilton, D. L. (2018). Black + White = Not White: A minority bias in categorizations of Black-White multiracials. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 78, 43-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2018.05.002 [link]

Newheiser, A.-K., & Barreto, M. (2014). Hidden costs of hiding stigma: Ironic interpersonal consequences of concealing a stigmatized identity in social interactions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 52, 58-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2014.01.002 [link]

Additional Readings:

Pauker, K., Meyers, C., Sanchez, D. T., Gaither, S. E., & Young, D. M. (2018). A review of multiracial malleability: Identity, categorization, and shifting racial attitudes. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 12(6), 1-15. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12392 [link]

Ho, A. K., Sidanius, J., Levin, D. T., & Banaji, M. R. (2011). Evidence for hypodescent and racial hierarchy in the categorization and perception of biracial individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100(3), 492-506. doi: 10.1037/a0021562 [link]

10/13: The Question of Intersectionality

Purdie-Vaughns, V., & Eibach, R. P. (2008). Intersectional invisibility: The distinct advantages and disadvantages of multiple subordinate-group identities. Sex Roles, 59(5), 377-391. doi: 10.1007/s11199-008-9424-4 [link]

Remedios, J. D., & Snyder, S. H. (2015). How women of color detect and respond to multiple forms of prejudice. Sex Roles, 73(9-10). doi: 10.1007/s11199-015-0453-5 [link]

Villicana, A. J., Delucio, K., & Biernat, M. (2016). “Coming out” among gay Latino and gay White men: Implications of verbal disclosure for well-being. Self and Identity, 15(4), 468-487. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2016.1156568 [link]

Hall, E. V., Galinsky, A. D., & Phillips, K. W. (2015). Gender profiling: A gendered race perspective on person-position fit. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41(6), 853-868. doi: 10.1177/0146167215580779 [link]

Cultural Diversity

10/30: Dimensions of Cultural Differences

Spencer-Rodgers, J., Peng, K., Wang, L., & Hou, Y. (2004). Dialectical self-esteem and East-West differences in psychological well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(11), 1416-1432. doi: 10.1177/0146167204264243 [link]

Gelfand, M. J., Raver, J. L., Nishii, L., Leslie, L. M., Lun, J., Lim, B. C.,…Yamaguchi, S. (2011). Differences between tight and loose cultures: A 33-nation study. Science, 332, 1100-1104. doi: 10.1126/science.1197754 [link]

Nisbett, R. E. (1993). Violence and U.S. regional culture. American Psychologist, 48, 441-449. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.48.4.441 [link]

Manstead, A. S. R. (2018). The psychology of social class: How socioeconomic status impacts thought, feelings, and behavior. British Journal of Social Psychology, 57, 267-291. doi: 10.1111/bjso.12251 [link]

Additional Readings:

Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98(2), 224-253. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.98.2.224 [link]

Nisbett, R. E., Peng, K., Choi, I., & Norenzayan, A. (2001). Culture and systems of thought: Holistic versus analytic cognition. Psychological Review, 108(2), 291-310. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.108.2.291 [link]

10/4: What is Culture, Anyway?

Oyserman, D. (2015). Culture as situated cognition. In R. Scott & S. Kosslyn (Eds.), Emerging Trends in the Social Sciences. John Wiley & Sons. [link]

Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (2010). Cultures and selves: A cycle of mutual constitution. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5(4), 420-430. [link]

Varnum, M. E. W., Grossmann, I., Kitayama, S., Nisbett, R. E. (2010). The origin of cultural differences in cognition: The social orientation hypothesis. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19(1), 9-13. doi: 10.1177/0963721409359301 [link]

Talhelm, T., Zhang, X., & Oishi, S. (2018). Moving chairs in Starbucks: Observational studies find rice-wheat cultural differences in daily life in China. Science Advances, 4(4), eaap8469. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aap8469 [link]

Additional Readings:

Na, J., Grossman, I., Varnum, M. E. W., Kitayama, S., Gonzalez, R., & Nisbett, R. E. (2010). Cultural differences are not always reducible to individual differences. PNAS, 107(14), 1-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1001911107 [link]

Hong, Y.-Y., Morris, M. W., Chiu, C.-Y., & Benet-Martínez, V. (2000). Multicultural minds: A dynamic constructivist approach to culture and cognition. American Psychologist, 55, 709-720. [link]

Improving Intergroup Relations

11/13: Intergroup Contact

Krahé, B., & Altwasser, C. (2006). Changing negative attitudes towards persons with physical disabilities: An experimental intervention. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 16(1). doi: 10.1002/casp.849 [link]

Schmid, K., Wolfer, R., Swart, H., Christ, O., Ramiah, A. A., Vertovec, S., & Hewstone, M. (in press). The “wallpaper effect” revisited: Divergent findings on the effects of intergroup contact on attitudes in diverse versus nondiverse contexts. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. doi: 10.1177/0146167217711929 [link]

Hayward, L. E., Tropp, L. R., Hornsey, M. J., & Barlow, F. K. (2017). Toward a comprehensive understanding of intergroup contact: Descriptions and mediators of positive and negative contact among majority and minority groups. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43(3), 347-364. doi: 10.1177/0146167216685291 [link]

Gaither, S. E., & Sommers, S. R. (2013). Living with an other-race roommate shapes Whites’ behavior in subsequent diverse settings. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 272-276. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.10.020 [link]

Additional Readings:

Paluck, E. L., Green, S. A., & Green, D. P. (2018). The contact hypothesis revisited. Behavioral Public Policy. doi: 10.1017/bpp.2018.25 [link]

Broockman, D., & Kalla, J. (2016). Durably reducing transphobia: A field experiment on door-to-door canvassing. Science, 352(6282), 220-224. doi: 10.1126/science.aad9713 [link]

11/20: The Promises and Perils of Improving Intergroup Attitudes

Devine, P. G., Forscher, P. S., Austin, A. J., & Cox, W. T. L. (2012). Long-term reduction in implicit race bias: A prejudice habit-breaking intervention. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 1267-1278. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.06.003 [link]

Forscher, P. S., Lai, C. K., Axt, J. R., Ebersole, C. R., Herman, M., Devine, P. G., & Nosek, B. A. (unpublished manuscript). A meta-analysis of change in implicit bias. [link]

Cikara, M., & Paluck, E. L. (2013). When going along gets you nowhere and the upside of conflict behaviors. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7/8, 559-571. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12047 [link]

Dixon, J., Tropp, L. R., Durrheim, K., & Tredoux, C. (2010). “Let them eat harmony”: Prejudice-reduction strategies and attitudes of historically disadvantaged groups. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19(2), 76-80. doi: 10.1177/0963721410363366 [link]

Final Reflection

11/27: How to Be a Diversity-Conscious Researcher

Duarte, J. L., Crawford, J. T., Stern, C., Haidt, J., Jussim, L., & Tetlock, P. E. (2015). Political diversity will improve social psychological science. Behavior and Brain Sciences, 38, e130. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X14000430 [link]

Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan (2010). The weirdest people in the world? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33(2 – 3), 61-83. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X0999152X [link]

Moss-Racusin, C. A., Dovidio, J. F., Brescoll, V. L., Graham, M. J., & Handelsman, J. (2012). Science faculty’s subtle gender biases favor male students. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(41). 16474-16479. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1211286109 [link]

Cole, E. R. (2009). Intersectionality and research in psychology. American Psychologist, 64(3), 170-180. doi: 10.1037/a0014564 [link]